Clinical Considerations of the Role of Palbociclib in the Management of Advanced Breast Cancer Patients With and Without Visceral Metastases

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Abstract
Background

This report assesses the efficacy and safety of palbociclib plus endocrine therapy (ET) in women with hormone receptor−positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer (ABC) with or without visceral metastases.

Patients and methods

Pre- and postmenopausal women with disease progression following prior ET (PALOMA-3; N=521) and postmenopausal women untreated for ABC (PALOMA-2; N=666) were randomized 2:1 to ET (fulvestrant or letrozole, respectively) plus palbociclib or placebo. Progression-free survival (PFS), safety, and patient-reported quality of life (QoL) were evaluated by prior treatment and visceral involvement.

Results

Visceral metastases incidence was higher in patients with prior resistance to ET (58.3%, PALOMA-3) than in patients naive to endocrine therapy in the ABC setting (48.6%, PALOMA-2). In patients with prior resistance to ET and visceral metastases, median PFS (mPFS) was 9.2 months with palbociclib plus fulvestrant versus 3.4 months with placebo plus fulvestrant [hazard ratio (HR), 0.47; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.35 − 0.61], and objective response rate (ORR) was 28.0% versus 6.7%, respectively. In patients with nonvisceral metastases, mPFS was 16.6 versus 7.3 months, HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.36 − 0.77. In patients naive to endocrine therapy in the advanced disease setting, mPFS was 19.3 months with palbociclib plus letrozole versus 12.9 months with placebo plus letrozole (HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.47 − 0.85); ORR was 55.1% versus 40.0%; in patients with nonvisceral disease, mPFS was not reached with palbociclib plus letrozole versus 16.8 months with placebo plus letrozole (HR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.36 − 0.70). In patients with prior resistance to ET with visceral metastases, palbociclib plus fulvestrant significantly delayed deterioration of QoL versus placebo plus fulvestrant, whereas patient-reported QoL was maintained with palbociclib plus letrozole in patients naive to endocrine-based therapy for ABC.

Conclusions

Palbociclib plus ET prolonged mPFS in patients with visceral metastases, increased ORRs, and in patients previously treated for ABC, delayed QoL deterioration, presenting a standard treatment option among patients with visceral metastases amenable to endocrine-based therapy.

Clinical trial registration

NCT01942135, NCT01740427

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