Inhibition of Serotonin Synthesis May Have Antitumor Activity? Long‐Term Efficacy in a Patient with Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumor

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AbstractIn this article, we propose, based on a clinical case, the potential antitumor effect related to the inhibition of serotonin in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Currently, the only drug that exists for the symptomatic treatment of carcinoid syndrome refractory to somatostatin analogues is telotristat, based on its pivotal study, the TELESTAR trial. Based on the existing preclinical rationale, it seems that the inhibition of serotonin may have an antitumoral role in NETs. Briefly, serotonin may act as an autocrine growth factor of NETs, and it may also play an immunomodulatory role by enhancing macrophage polarization to an immunotolerant M2 phenotype. To our knowledge, this rationale for the possible antitumor effect of serotonin in NETs has not yet been published in the literature.

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